From: Cathy Reason <Cathym.nul> Date: Sun, 15 Jan 2012 11:37:22 -0000 Archived: Tue, 17 Jan 2012 15:41:56 -0500 Subject: Re: Participation In Psychology Dissertation Study >From: John Harney <magonia.nul> >To: <post.nul> >Date: Mon, 9 Jan 2012 16:23:34 -0000 >Subject: Re: Participation In Psychology Dissertation Study >You just don't get it, do you? This is a survey about attitudes >to UFO reports, presumably to find out what people do or do not >believe about them. It's about _psychology_, not about >collecting and evaluating evidence about UFOs, although it is of >course possible that any findings from such studies could be >used to assess the reliability of UFO witnesses. >There are, of course, some reports which are unexplained, or >which have no generally agreed explanations, and for which the >psychological aspects seem unimportant. The study of these is >obviously (to me, at least) not relevant to a psychological >study. As the purpose of this study is plainly not to pronounce >on whether or not some UFOs are - to use a ufological buzz- >phrase - truly anomalous, I can't see why it should provoke such >indignation from - how shall I put it? - some not-so-sceptical >ufologists. Here's why. From Rosenhan and Seligman (1989): '...the effects of context are demonstrated in a study in which clinicians were shown a videotape of a young man talking to an older, bearded man about his feelings and experiences in various jobs (Langer and Abelson, 1974). Some of the mental health professionals were told that the young man was a job applicant, while the others were told that he was a clinical patient. After seeing the videotape, all were asked for their observations about the young man. Those who saw the "job applicant" found him "attractive and conventional looking", "candid and innovative","an upstanding middle-class citizen type" Those who saw the "patient" described him as a "tight, defensive person", "dependent, passive-aggressive", and "frightended of his own aggressive impulses". 'In this study, the different labels - "job applicant" and "patient" - created not only a context for perceiving the person but also for explaining his behavior. The therapists were asked "What do you think might explain Mr Smith's outlook on life? Do you think he is realistic?" Those who saw the "patient" offered such observations as "Doesn't seem to be realistic because he seems to use denial (and rationalization and intellectualization) to center his problems in situations and other people", "seems afraid of his own drives, motives... outlook not based on realities of objective world". But those who saw the "job applicant" explained the identical behavior in a quite different way. "His attitudes are consistent with a large subculture in the US... the silent majority", " he seems fairly realistic, fairly reality-oriented; recognizes injustices of large systems but doesn't seem to think that he can individually do anything to change them." DL Rosenhan and MEP Seligman (1989) "Abnormal Psychology" (2nd Edn) -WW Norton & Co Listen to 'Strange Days... Indeed' - The PodCast At: http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/sdi/program/ These contents above are copyright of the author and UFO UpDates - Toronto. They may not be reproduced without the express permission of both parties and are intended for educational use only.
[ Next Message | Previous Message | This Day's Messages ]
This Month's Index |
UFO UpDates - Toronto - Operated by Errol Bruce-Knapp