From: Sean Jones <Sean.Jones.nul> Date: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 15:03:36 +0000 Archived: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 10:19:59 -0500 Subject: 101 Possible Explanations for UFOs One Hundred And One Possible Explanations For UFOs Many people have spoken of UFOs, and many people have said that there must be hundreds of possible explanations for them, but when you sit down and think about it how many explanations can you think of? I sat down one Saturday a little while back and I struggled to think of just twenty-eight, me who has been an active researcher for over ten years now. Ok so this was of the cuff and a bit of serious thought would have turned up many more but when someone, anyone asks you where do UFOs come from the most common answer is "outer space" or some such similar explanation. What my intention is now is to give you this list but rather than say, look here is a list of one hundred and one possible explanations, and I will give a simple scenario with each one. This is not meant to be a definitive list or a complete compilation, merely I would hope a starting point and something to start the old grey matter ticking away because as a certain Paul Devereaux said far too many people think that the extraterrestrial hypothesis is the only possibility. Before I go any further I would like to point out that I am not a debunker and I firmly believe that this planet is being visited by beings from another planet or even planets. All I am trying to do is to point out that there are many other possible explanations to identifying a unidentified flying object and that when you have eliminated all of the possible now matter how improbable the impossible must be possible. Celestial Objects Mars Many people have reported a orangish glow usually seen just off the horizon that seemed to have wavered in and out of view; this is most probably Mars. The reason it drifts in and out of view is probably because of stratospheric clouds obscuring the view of the planet of war. Mars can also been seen quite high up as well. Venus This is the brilliant white glow that can be seen well above the horizon but not too well up in the sky. Venus is usually seen to be larger than Mars but is more likely to be seen than Mars is. Venus can also be sometimes seen as a yellowish glow. Jupiter Many people have reported a bright light that is too bright to be a star, and too big to be a star seen high above the horizon, this is quite possibly the planet Jupiter. Jupiter is not visible all year round, neither are Mars or Venus but when it is visible it is a very bright star like light. The Moon Yes believe it or not, a few people mistake our moon for a UFO; these people are merely mistaken not delusional. It has been reported that when rising, an almost blood red moon has freaked one certain person out. Any of the above can account for a small number of sightings each year. Meteors/meteor showers Often seen as a bright light moving far to fast to be a conventional aircraft, meteors and they are not uncommon. Meteor showers whilst rarer still account for some sightings. The usual account for meteor showers is that there many lights moving far to fast to be a plane. Meteors can have an orange glow, red, green or even blue, the colour depends on the composition of the debris burning up in our atmosphere. Saturn Saturn like Jupiter is seen and reported as a bright light to bright and too big to be a star, which it is. And like Jupiter it can fade in and out of view as it disappears behind high altitude clouds. Saturn however is a very rare sight. One particular case quoted in "Mysterious Manitoba" a family staying an a mobile home reported a bright white light that had "spikes" and little lights to the side of it. Comets Comets are regular visitors to system, the last most famous one being the comet Hale-Bopp. Unrecognised comets are reported as lights that are far too bright and way to big to be stars, as they are. Comets can also cause mass hysteria as omen's, portents or signs from the Gods. A very distant comet can be seen as a very bright light that is too big to be a star, much like some of the planets previously mentioned. Vega (star) Vega has only become "famous" since Carl Sagan's Contact. Sirius is a much brighter star. Both are plainly visible to the naked eye. Both being bright stars might be misrecognised by a person who has no astronomical knowledge. The Perseids The Perseids another name for one particular meteor shower so the explanation above applies. Animal, Insects, Birds Glowing Bugs Glowing bugs, insects or other such creatures is an option used to identify unidentified's by people referred to as debunkers but they offer a very possible reason for an unaccounted sighting. Some insect creatures do indeed give a glow and if a swarm of them flew in close proximity of witnesses that did not know that there was a migrating bunch of bugs then indeed it is possible that a report of a UFO could emerge. One could also mention the piezoelectric theory of glowing bugs proposed for the Uintah Basin cases. Migratory birds This explanation has been offered by a some people to account for the sightings in Lubbock. Is it possible that sunlight could be reflected off the oil excreted by a bird onto its feathers and dazzle a witness?, who then might think that he or she saw something unusual. Fireflies Like the glowing bugs scenario fireflies could be in extreme circumstances misidentified as a UFO. It might be suggested that the people that see fireflies and report them as a UFO or indeed UFOs have poor eyesight but poor eyesight has been suggested as a reason for seeing a UFO in the first place. Insect swarms Insect swarms could possibly account for sightings where people have reported a dark flowing object. Something without particular definition and almost certainly an object that changes shape. These would be seen in either twilight or at night times. Natural or Atmospheric Phenomena Earth Lights Paul Devereaux has offered this explanation on many occasions. It is with out doubt that his work holds some value and that this is a creditable possible explanation for some UFOs. Earth lights are basically lights produced by some form of tectonic stress or similar and can vary in shape and size. I would however recommend to anyone to read Chris Rutkowski's thesis "The Tectonic Strain Theory and Geophysical Luminosity's" Swamp Gas Swamp gas luminous lights have been suggested by some as an explanation for glowing objects seen by some witnesses. As some of you may know rotting vegetation produces Methane and this could ignite giving a bright or even a dull light for witnesses to catch. This explanation has its shortcoming when any burning methane would not last more than a few seconds and some sightings last for minutes and even hours. Ball lightning Ball lightning is a very rare atmospherical phenomenon, which has recorded and documented cases. Basically not all lightning is the broken, jagged bright light seen in the sky. Ball lightening has been recorded as moving around as low as a few feet off the ground and lasting for some several minutes. Cumulous/Lenticular Clouds Some clouds have some very amazing shapes. Indeed I have pictures looking like huge "flying saucers". It is not impossible for a first time viewer of these clouds to mistake them for a genuine UFO. Abnormal weather conditions The weather can produce some amazing sights. Tornado's, horizontal rain and such like. It is not beyond the boundaries of reasoning to believe that like cumulous clouds the weather could produce something to be seen and witnessed. Although I don't actually know of any particular case or cases to cite as a reference. Ice crystals This is the explanation that NASA expects you to believe with reference to the STS48 and STS80 space shuttle missions where objects where seen to be doing radical manoeuvres. Ice crystals can also be responsible for perihelical arcs. Phosphorescence in the atmosphere This is a possible explanation for a "glow" that has no defined shape or a shifting shape that has been reported by some witnesses. This explanation is not beyond the realm of possibility but in my opinion would not reflect more than a handful of the total number of UFO reports ever made. Luminescence - plate tectonics I am sure that Paul Devereaux could wax lyrical on this particular field of science but as a whole to explain some unexplainable lights it seems to fall a bit short as there appears to be no direct evidence to back this up. I eagerly await to be proved wrong Paul. High flying seed pods This explanation is probably more to do with photographed UFOs than ones seen I think. I can't actually find any reference to who suggested this possible explanation or when and to what sighting but for a small object that has been caught on film? Who knows? Ionised air In certain circumstances, as previously mentioned atmospheric conditions can fool the untrained observer. Ionisation of the atmosphere will produce a brownish discolouration that could possibly be seen as a solid object. It is probable that if seen it would be a static UFO, not a moving one. Atmospheric plasma effects Now plasma comes in several different "types", from the ectoplasm associated with ghost's etc to the semi solid goo produced in several scientific labs worldwide. There is now reason why this stuff could not occur naturally and thus you would have airborne plasma possibly what Carlos Diaz saw? Atmospheric inversion What atmospheric inversion is when a high-density pocket resides in a low-density area of air, or visa versa. This is what is blamed for many radar contacts of UFOs. Air bubbles Air bubbles are similar to the above but different in that moisture is involved. Basically a "dry" bubble of air in a moist atmospheric condition will produce another kind of distortion which could produce an optical illusion. As above the condition can also be reversed i.e. a "damp or wet" air bubble in a dry atmosphere will produce the same effect. Atmospheric "blue jets" These are like squirts of intense blue flame. They are seen very occasionally and are very similar to the Aurora Borealis in composition but it not really known just what they are. Atmospheric "red sprites" Intrinsically these are exactly the same as above but red. Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) This is a fairly well known phenomenon but it is possible that if a person was totally unaware of this amazing display of lights then it might be possible for the unsuspecting witness to report it as a UFO, albeit an identifiable one after a little research. Lightning Lighting doesn't just come in the broken, jagged lines that can be seen whenever there is a violent storm. Ball lightning is a recorded phenomenon, which defies belief. Lightening also has been known to come in other shapes and colours. Volcano When volcanoes erupt an amazing multitude of things can happen. Burning embers, or phosphor has been ejected which due to the very nature of it can do some very amazing ariel acrobatics. Also other researchers believe that volcano's, in part, are responsible for some "earth lights". Radioactive glow How many of you have seen the cartoons where a man is seen to be "glowing" when he is radioactive. As far as I am aware only something that has a huge amount of radioactivity will produce a "glow", i.e. the radioactive isotope itself. But clouds of radioactive airborne isotope can be seen "glowing" away in the night sky it would be game over for us. Perihelia (sun dogs) These are your bright spots seen either side of the sun. These can be very deceiving and not to be mixed with sunspots which is an entirely different entity. Mock Sun This is caused by light refraction off the moisture crystals in the base atmosphere. Light is refracted of these crystals to give the impression of a second sun, usually with a reddish ring around it. Gliding hailstones This was suggested by a certain Aime Michel as a possible explanation for a case that he dealt with. But surely they would have to be large hailstones? Cobwebs flying high Cobwebs flying high - this has a very interesting source - Desmond Leslie and George Adamski's 1953 book, "Flying Saucers Have Landed" (London: Werner Laurie, page 18). The authors say: "They say that flying disks are:", and they list a number of explanations. One of the explanations listed is "Cobwebs flying high". Unfortunately, other than being listed, there is no further explanation. Distant fire Seen in twilight from a great distance under less than perfect conditions a distant fire can look completely different from what it actually is. I.e. a disembodied glowing airborne colour changing light. Lubbock lights The Lubbock light are one particular set of cases, based in a Texan town called, funnily enough Lubbock. It started in August 1951 when three learned people saw a pretty amazing sight. read about it in Jerome Clark's "The UFO Book". Mind, State or Perception Hallucinations It has been suggested on a number of occasions that witnesses hallucinated the object(s) that they have seen. The people that have suggested this have often quoted alcohol and or drugs as the reason for the hallucinations. Day dreams/ Night dreams Similar to hallucinations the same people that suggest hallucinations have also suggested that the sighting report could have merely been a daydream sighting or even dreamt of at night and seen during the next day(s). Reflections of light I personally know of a case whereby a witness reported seeing lights in the clouds just over from where he lived on a regular basis. When it was investigated it turned out that under certain circumstances cars driving round a mountain road had their headlights reflected off a cloud and gave the impression of lights in the nights sky. Mirages Like mirages seen in the desert it has been suggested that some sightings of anomalous object could be explained as a heat mirage or similar. Optical illusions On certain circumstances the eyes can be fooled. We have all seen magicians "magic tricks", and we have all seen drawings that twist the eyes perspective. In much the same way the eyes can be fooled under "abnormal" conditions and thus a unidentified flying object can be seen, it is most likely though if its an optical illusion then the object will be static and not moving around radically. Hysteria/Dementia It is fairly well documented that under certain emotional conditions the mind is more susceptible to experiencing abnormal sounds, sights and feelings. Mind control Another possible reason people "seeing things" put forward by a certain skeptic is that "someone" could be exerting some kind of psychic mind control and "making" the witness see something that is quite simply not there. The psychic would have to have very strong powers and the victim very week willed for this to be possible in my opinion, but there you go. Film defect This explanation only really covers photographic or cinematic pictures. Quite simply a defect on the film could when developed produce and image of some object or objects in either the background vicinity of the pictures intended "target". I'm sure Bob Shell could elaborate on this a lot more than I can. Reflections in glass I actually know of a case, which took some time to be explained. There was a case where a young lad photographed a "UFO" out of his bedroom window. It was an elongated bright yellowish light. When it was investigated it turned out that the young chap had set out to create a hoax by putting his bedroom lampshade at such an angle that it reflected this elongated light on his bedroom window, he then merely photographed it. This is an illustration of another possibility that has been suggested to explain some UFOs. Specks of dust before eyes This is another photographic explanation. Just how possible this particular explanation is depends on how much you believe that it is possible for people to mistake dust for UFOs. Red blood corpuscles inside eyes The eyes can be fooled. In some cases it might be suggested that witnesses are merely seeing something that is quite literally in their own eyes, i.e. corpuscles. I've not heard of this for myself but flecks before someone's eyes could simply be a blood vessel in their own eyes. Refracted starlight If there is was particularly clear night sky and the conditions are "just so" a bright star, say Sirius could be reflected/refracted of a shiny surface and "projected" something like a laser light. Possible but unlikely, in my humble opinion. Technology, Military or Research Secret military/governmental/research aircraft This is a well-known fact. The various governmental departments of whatever are forever developing new technology in the air, on the land and in the sea. Some of the ultra experimental cutting edge aircraft look nothing like conventional technology so if they was seen it would undoubtedly be reported as a UFO and remain so until something like it is seen in one of the airplane magazines. Laser Lights Fairly recent thing but laser light shows can show an extraordinary complex pattern of lights and 3D holographic type images. This is a very real contender for possibly identifying a witnesses UFO. Model aircraft/helicopters Model aircraft have come a long way in the past few years it is now even possible to get actual flying model rockets. Obviously these models can do manoeuvres that no manned aircraft can do and these models come in a variety of shapes and sizes not all look like the conventional models that we are used too. Falling satellite/space debris There is so much "junk" in space in orbit around our planet now its amazing there isn't any orbital crashes. Some of this stuff is in a LEO, or Low Earth Orbit and gravity pulls on this stuff. Occasionally some of it is pulled out of orbit and falls to earth, pretty much the same as a meteor. Holograms Like laser lights these things can be projected over many miles and be seen even further away than you would credit it. A bright illumination in a clear night sky can be seen many miles away and at great distance it might not be possible to identify it more than as a bright light in the distance. Weather balloons I have seen one of these for myself. An orange "glow" of the coast of Cornwall last year. It was very high and moved very slowly. This is the archetypal weather balloon spotting. The reason it looked like a glow is because it was so high atmospheric pollution "blurred" the edges. Orbiting Satellite This is a fairly easy one to identify. A fairly small bright light, seen very high up which moves far to fast to be plane moving in a straight line across the night sky. Satellite's can be seen with optical equipment during the day but the people who see them then probably know what they are. Dummy parachute This explanation has been offered very recently by the American air force to explain a certain 1947 event. How much water this explanation holds is down to individual perception. Research balloons The most famous, of infamous depending on your point of view is the Mogul balloon, which allegedly came down in the desert near Corona, New Mexico in July of 1947. Now believe it or not these balloons did exist, and they are difficult to identify as a Mogul, unless you knew what one was called. Blimps Another good misidentification culprit. Yes blimps have been misidentified. There have been actual reports of UFOs that have been identified as an advertising blimp. Zeppelins Now this is for the older readers because these are a very rare sight these days, but back in the thirties and forties there was quite a few of these things flying in the sky. I am sure that the uneducated savages in the backwaters of the world would not be able to recognise technological advancement when they saw it. Jettisoned spacecraft junk Pretty much the same as falling space debris. There is quite a lot of equipment that has been "lost in space" quite literally. Some of this probably fell to earth and burnt up in the atmosphere giving off multicoloured lights, which could dazzle the untrained observer. Helicopter Without mentioning black unmarked helicopters. Some helicopters are not what the average person expects a helicopter looks like and seen at a distance they could very easily be misidentified as a UFO. Ultra Light, Hand Gliders These man made flying machines are built for pleasure. They can do some extraordinary manoeuvres and seen from a distance they could fool the untrained observer with their arial antics. Rocket Seen from a great distance, without prior knowledge of the launch an observer could mistake the intense bright light that ascends into the sky as a UFO. But most people that live near Cape Canaveral for example know what these lights for what they are. Glider Gliders have immense wingspans and can move very slowly, almost too slow to fly. And seen from almost directly behind or ahead it looks like they stay still in the air, far too long to be an ordinary plane. Add to that they are usually silver or white they reflect sunlight very well so they could easily be mistaken for a bright silvery elongated saucer shaped object in the sky. Man-made or Human Activity Kites Down in Kent we at UFOMEK had a report of a black triangle doing impossible manoeuvres off the coast of Dover one night. Needless to say we took the witnesses details but there wasn't much else we could do, as the report was a few days old. A few weeks later, by accident, it was discovered that a stunt kite flyer was testing out his new black kite late in the evening on the day that the witness reported the black triangle, need I say more... Advertising airplanes Especially popular in America airplanes "towing" great long banners advertising beers or what ever is a common sight. Some of these banners need not be long streaming things but can vary in shape and size. It only takes a witness who doesn't recognise the banner for what it is to report that he saw an object "chasing" or following a very normal plane. Search lights This is possibly an explanation from one of the two world wars. A searchlight beam might not show in the night sky but what it illuminates does. If the object were seen through a haze or some such then it would be difficult to recognise it for what it is. Lighthouse Orfordness springs to mind. This explanation has been proffered by the odd individual or two to explain away the events that happened at Rendlesham Forest. This explanation in this case is extremely unlikely. Jenny Randles has done extensive work on this case and I would recommend for anyone wanting more information on this case to read her new book. Street lights Down in Wales there are the odd village or two that only has one or two streets with streetlights in. When a fog or mist descends then it looks like you have some very disembodied lights floating in the bottom of a valley. Car headlights I would like to refer you to my previous explanation of "reflection of light" for this one. House lights In remote places there can be lights seen on the top of a hill with no discernible source. Houses are often built on the top of hills for a "better view" and when you get an especially dark night you would see the bedroom lights long before you would see the building. Advertising balloon Much the same as blimps really except these tend to get left for ages in one place and are sometimes illuminated. Flares This explanation has been suggested for the event in Phoenix last year. In this case I very much doubt it BUT some flares have been designed to descend very slowly illuminating the countryside for either military activities or for search and rescue missions. This could realistically, explain the odd sighting or two. Distress signal Burning very brightly and staying in the sky for prolonged amounts of time these intense lights seen from afar could be mistaken just like flares. Jet trail Or con trail, jet airplanes leave behind them a white plume of smoke in long trails. The wind breaks them up quite a bit and usually disperses them reasonably quickly but what if an air pocket caught a piece and held it in place for a while? Fireworks I don't know about you but I have seen some pretty amazing fireworks, some which do some pretty amazing arial acrobatics and give out some astounding colours as they burn up. If seen from afar and not on a "special" occasion they might give rise to the odd report or two. Belief systems, Religious, Supernatural, Legend, Myth, Folklore Biblical prophecy Many people have spoken about foretellings in the bible and quoted various texts from Ezekial and Revelations. It is also said that somewhere in the bible it describes the mushroom cloud from an atomic explosion, but there you go. However all of this doesn't explain what the UFO is exactly. Ezekial's wheel In the book of Ezekial the prophet Ezekial describes a wheel within a wheel etc and angelic beings with wings. This has often been cited as a biblical sighting of a UFO. But this is only one explanation and it does not describe some of the UFOs that witnesses have reported. Psi Phenomenon Another paranormal explanation for UFOs is that they are "generated" by latent psychic ability. Or that certain people deliberately generate them to fool the general populace. Apparitions This explanation is almost another name for UFOs. An arial luminosity in the form of a ghost is also in a manner of speaking a UFO, as it can't be identified other than as ghost. However many people that believe in ghosts don't believe in UFOs and visa versa. Plasma craft This is an actual recorded and photographed UFO phenomenon by Carlos Diaz. I have a picture of one near me now in the form of UFO Magazines 1998 calendar. just what these craft are is another matter, intelligent beings? Proto-plasmic matter? I don't know but it is definitely a UFO. Spirits Basically the same as apparitions spirits are the ethereal bodies of the dead, or so it is believed. These too can be mistaken for or included as, depending on your point of view, UFOs. Angel's hair Angel's hair is not an explanation for UFOs I'm afraid, it is a substance that has been witnessed as falling from some. The last known case was in Australia where witnesses saw some fibreglass like substance fall from a UFO as it sped away. This fine material "dissolved" very quickly and left no trace. Ghost rockets Something the Swedes got into in a big way, read about it in Jerome Clark's "The UFO Book", page 243 onwards. Demons/Angels Some people of a religious nature might want to give this one a miss. It has been suggested that UFOs are apparitions caused by the Devil or his subordinates to fool the unbeliever so that they will believe in aliens but not in God. It has also been said by the other camp that it could be Angels displaying Gods powers to his believers. Mothman In his book "Visitors from Space", John Keel recounts the many stories of mothmen. These beings were black and had eyes similar to those of moths. They also had wings, hence the name. This is an explanation for extraterrestrial beings not for UFOs themselves. Fairies/elves Again this is not an explanation for UFOs merely their occupants. In Jacques Vallee's book "Passport to Magonia" he suggested a startling theory pointing out similarities between UFO sightings and the sightings of fairies. Other Fraud/Fake/Dupes Like I mentioned earlier with the boy and the lampshade several people have set out to fool UFO researchers and believers alike. Certain people cite Billy Mieier and Ed Walters as fraudsters. Ones that have been proved fake was the castle video of the crop circle being made. Misinformation This is not really to do with the actual sighting itself but the reports of sightings. Like the above people have set out to fool the honest researcher with bogus sighting reports. Also, it is more that remotely possible that deliberate mis-information is being put out to cover secret test flights of "black project" planes and arial vehicles. It has also been suggested that some secret technology planes have been built to look like UFOs to deliberately fool people, after all how many people would report the sighting of a UFO compared to those who report the sighting of a secret airplane? Foo fighter Foo Fighters were a regular sighting for combat pilots in the two world wars. With both sides thinking that they belonged to the other. Recent findings have not come up with any new evidence but one researcher is convinced that they belonged to German secret intelligence. Origin Theories Spacecraft from another Planets/Galaxy's This is the favourite by far. Ninety nine percent of people who believe in UFOs believe that they come from other planets and or galaxies. This theory called the Extra Terrestrial Hypothesis is one of the easiest to cite and hardest to back up. Time travellers Due to the vast distances between planets and the immense amount of time that it is estimated that it would take to traverse it another favourite explanation to explain the origin or the pilots of the unidentified flying objects is that they come from another time, not another place. that way there are no great distances to travel, and a time machine would seem more possible. Hollow moon There is some evidence that would suggest that the core of the moon is hollow rather than rock and etc. Then as an extenuation of this theory it has been suggested that our visitors are not from another planets but from our moon, having already travelled the long distance between the stars in a modified planetoid to carry the travellers to here over the generations. Hollow Earth This theory assumes that these visitors of ours are another race of earthlings that come from inside our planet. I remember a book from my youth that suggested that there was two races living on our planet millennia ago and that they diverged so much that they could not live together and that one of these races went and lived in caves until they could no longer emerge into the light. And now they want to check up on us. Atlantis There are many theories on Atlantis, the place of myth and legend. some say that Atlanteans destroyed themselves whilst others say that they went and hid from their barbaric warlike neighbours. This theory is often quoted when the witness reports that the UFO dived into the sea or a lake. In the case of Linda Cortile she describes the UFO diving into the sea. Multi-dimensional craft As you know we abide in three dimensions. Mathematicians have "proved" that there must be more dimensions than we currently know about. This provides the base for another theory that our visitors are from another dimension rather than another time or planet. Earth's etheric analog On the exact opposite side of the sun is another planet just like earth, or so it has been suggested. This planet is more advanced than ours because it is sending space vehicles to visit or check up on us. Why haven't they made contact with us just yet? Who says that they haven't? Interdimensional beings/craft from alternate futures All of the above and none of it. With beings from other dimensions and craft from alternate futures checking up on the possible past, this theory has it all. This theory to explain where "they" come from has more possibilities than any of the above and more limitations than eternity. Like any explanation for UFOs it has to remain possible until we can eliminate it from our studies, or indeed have it proved. Well there you have it folks, something to make you think, something to make you laugh and undoubtedly something to make you cry. As I said at the start I don't mean this list to be exhaustive but merely a starting point to get the old grey matter ticking over and point out that there are far more possibilities than a casual thought would think up. I am always open to other possibilities and one day I hope to have an answer to some of the above but with modern Ufology fifty years old now I doubt that I will be there with some answers first as other people have been researchers far longer than I have and only come up with more questions. -- In an infinite universe infinitely anything is possible. http://www.tedric.demon.co.uk/ Sean Jones Listen to 'Strange Days... Indeed' - The PodCast At: http://www.virtuallystrange.net/ufo/sdi/program/ These contents above are copyright of the author and UFO UpDates - Toronto. They may not be reproduced without the express permission of both parties and are intended for educational use only.
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