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Re: Secrecy News -- 02/28/07

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Wed, 28 Feb 2007 15:15:18 -0500
Fwd Date: Thu, 01 Mar 2007 07:15:16 -0500
Subject: Re: Secrecy News -- 02/28/07


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2007, Issue No. 23
February 28, 2007

Secrecy News Blog: http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

Support Secrecy News:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp


**	SENATE PROPOSAL TO CRIMINALIZE LEAKS SPARKS OPPOSITION
**	NEW MILITARY DOCTRINE
**	SELECTED CRS REPORTS


SENATE PROPOSAL TO CRIMINALIZE LEAKS SPARKS OPPOSITION

A legislative proposal by Senator Jon Kyl (R-AZ) that would
criminalize the unauthorized disclosure or publication of
classified information "concerning efforts by the United States
to identify, investigate, or prevent terrorist activity" is
drawing strong opposition even before it has been formally
introduced.

The Kyl proposal, which would amend the espionage statute at 18
U.S.C. 798, is to be offered as an amendment to an unrelated
bill on data mining that will be marked up by the Senate
Judiciary Committee on Thursday, March 1. The text of the Kyl
amendment is here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2007/02/kylamend.pdf

Classified information on U.S. counterterror efforts appears in
the press with some frequency and often serves as a stimulus to
intense public deliberation. Today, for example, the Washington
Post reported new information on controversial and possibly
illegal CIA "black sites" where an unknown number of prisoners
are held incommunicado for interrogation.

Under the sweeping Kyl proposal, disclosure or publication of
such information could be punishable by up to twenty years in
prison.

"The proposal seeks to stifle, with the threat of criminal
prosecution, informed public debate about the most serious
matters of the effectiveness of government counterterrorism
efforts," wrote dozens of public interest, first amendment and
civil liberties advocacy groups (including FAS) in a February 27
letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee.

"We strongly reject you to reject the proposed amendment," they
wrote in a letter coordinated by the coalition
OpenTheGovernment.org, directed by Patrice McDermott.

http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2007/02/otg022707.pdf

When a bill to criminalize the unauthorized disclosure of any
classified information was introduced in 2000, it passed both
houses of Congress before it encountered effective opposition
(and it was subsequently vetoed by President Clinton).

In remarkable contrast, the present proposal by Senator Kyl has
elicited organized opposition before it has even been formally
introduced.

In addition to the OpenTheGovernment.org letter, a coalition of
media organizations known as the Sunshine in Government
Initiative (www.sunshineingovernment.org), directed by Rick
Blum, issued its own critique of the bill.

The Kyl proposal was previously reported by Rebecca Carr of Cox
News and also by the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the
Press.


NEW MILITARY DOCTRINE

A new U.S. Air Force directive "provides policies for managing
nuclear weapons and weapon systems, and for protecting
personnel, property, and the environment from hazardous exposure
to radioactive materials."

See Air Force Policy Directive 91-1, "Nuclear Weapons and
Systems Surety," 13 February 2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afpd91-1.pdf

Another new Air Force document on combating the threat or use of
weapons of mass destruction "provides guidance for
understanding, planning, and executing counter-chemical,
biological, radiological, and nuclear operations to enable US
forces to survive and operate effectively in this deadly
environment."

See Air Force Doctrine Document 2-1.8, "Counter-Chemical,
Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Operations," 26 January
2007:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/usaf/afdd2-1-8.pdf

Army doctrine on the use of attack helicopters to locate and
destroy enemy forces and to gather or confirm intelligence is
presented in a new field manual.

See "Attack Reconnaissance Helicopter Operations," Field Manual
FM 3-04.126, February 16, 2007 (320 pages, 9.5 MB PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-04-126.pdf

The new manual notes that it has been reviewed for operations
security considerations and approved for public release.


SELECTED CRS REPORTS

Analysts at the Congressional Research Service continue to churn
out reports for Congress faster than they can reasonably be
digested. Not all of them are of broad interest, nor do they
consistently offer original content or significant analytical
insight.

But as long as Congress refuses to make them available online to
the general public, there seems to be value in our helping to do
so.

Recent CRS products that are not already available in other
online public collections such as OpenCRS (www.opencrs.com) and
the State Department's Foreign Press Center
(fpc.state.gov/fpc/c4763.htm) include the following.

"Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?," updated January 23,
2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33604.pdf

"China's Trade with the United States and the World," updated
January 4, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL31403.pdf

"Yemen: Current Conditions and U.S. Relations," updated January
4, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21808.pdf

"State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises:
Issues for the 110th Congress," updated January 3, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RS22393.pdf

"The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development,"
updated January 19, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21128.pdf

"Environmental Activities of the U.S. Coast Guard," updated
January 16, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS22145.pdf

"The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA):
A Summary," updated January 3, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32683.pdf

"Countries of the World and International Organizations: Sources
of Information," updated January 8, 2007:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/96-816.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
secrecy_news-request.nul
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

Secrecy News is available in blog format at:
http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy/

SUPPORT Secrecy News with a donation here:
http://www.fas.org/static/contrib_sec.jsp

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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