UFO UpDates
A mailing list for the study of UFO-related phenomena
'Its All Here In Black & White'
Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2004 > Oct > Oct 22

Secrecy News -- 10/21/04

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 21 Oct 2004 11:45:39 -0400
Fwd Date: Fri, 22 Oct 2004 11:13:34 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 10/21/04


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2004, Issue No. 92
October 21, 2004


**	WHITE HOUSE DISPUTES CIA ON INTEL BUDGET DISCLOSURE
**	CIA CONCEDES RELEASE OF 1963 AGENCY BUDGET
**	WHITE HOUSE OPPOSES NEW CLASSIFICATION REVIEW BOARD
**	NEW RELEASES ON NSA, NUCLEAR WEAPONS
**	DEFINING CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (CRS)


WHITE HOUSE DISPUTES CIA ON INTEL BUDGET DISCLOSURE

The White House has taken a stand against intelligence budget
disclosure which is directly at odds with the CIA's recent
endorsement of the move.

The 9/11 Commission recommendation to require annual disclosure
of the total national intelligence budget, which was adopted by
the Senate and opposed by the House, has become a prominent
point of contention as House and Senate conferees attempt to
reconcile their competing intelligence reform bills.

The White House elevated the issue by signaling its opposition
to disclosure in a letter to the conferees this week.

"Disclosing to the nation's enemies, especially during wartime,
the amounts requested by the President, and provided by the
Congress, for the conduct of the nation's intelligence
activities would harm the national security," wrote national
security adviser Condoleezza Rice and OMB Director Joshua Bolten
on October 18. See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/10/wh101804.pdf

But the CIA contradicted this White House claim, telling
Congress last month that the Senate's budget disclosure proposal
"would make some sense" and "would [not] be a major security
threat."

"If there is a separate appropriation for the National Foreign
Intelligence Program, as distinct from the current arrangement
where that appropriation is buried in the larger Defense
Department bill, I think it would make some sense to declassify
the overall number for the foreign intelligence program," then-
Acting Director of Central Intelligence John E. McLaughlin said
at a hearing of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee on
September 8. See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/09/s090804.html

Likewise, 9/11 Commissioners Kean and Hamilton identified budget
disclosure as one of "a few critical issues" in a letter to
House and Senate conferees.

"We believe the overall budget number should be unclassified,"
they wrote. "The benefits of transparency for congressional
oversight and public review are significant" and evidence of
justification for classification is lacking. See their October
20 letter here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/10/kh102004.pdf


CIA CONCEDES RELEASE OF 1963 AGENCY BUDGET

The Central Intelligence Agency, which claims that all of its
historical budget figures must be withheld to protect
intelligence sources and methods, conceded yesterday that it has
in fact declassified and released the CIA budget total for
fiscal year 1963.

The release appeared in a 1965 CIA document entitled "Cost
Reduction Program," located at the National Archives by Prof.
David Barrett of Villanova University, and introduced in a FAS
lawsuit to challenge the CIA opposition to budget disclosure.

The 1963 budget figure was correctly cited as $550 million,
affirmed CIA Deputy Chief Financial Officer Cynthia Stockman.
But other budget figures for 1964 to 1966 in the same document
are not correct, she said. See her October 20 declaration here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/foia/1947/stockman.pdf

The 1965 "Cost Reduction Program" report, which was declassified
by CIA in 1990, would not be released today, said R. Bruce
Burke, the CIA Associate Deputy General Counsel for Information.
See his declaration here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/foia/1947/burke.pdf

Notwithstanding the release of the 1963 budget figure, the CIA,
with legal support from the Justice Department Office of
Information and Privacy, argued vigorously that no other
historical intelligence budget information should be disclosed.
Their 25 page memorandum filed yesterday in opposition to the
FAS lawsuit seeking budget disclosure is here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/foia/1947/cia102004.pdf


WHITE HOUSE OPPOSES NEW CLASSIFICATION REVIEW BOARD

The proposal by Senators Trent Lott (R-Miss.) and Ron Wyden (D-
OR) to establish an Independent National Security Classification
Board, which was adopted by the Senate in its intelligence
reform bill, has drawn White House opposition as an unacceptable
affront to executive branch prerogatives.

"The Administration supports the extension of the Public
Interest Declassification Board but opposes section 226 of S.
2845, which would rename the Board as the Independent National
Security Classification Board and create a Congressional right
to appeal classification decisions made by an executive agency
with respect to national security information," wrote
Condoleezza Rice and Joshua Bolten in their October 18 letter to
the House-Senate conferees.

"The authority to make such decisions is clearly vested in the
President and his designated subordinates under the
Constitution." See their letter here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/10/wh101804.pdf

Background on the proposed new Board and related issues may be
found in "Secrecy vs. Openness: New Proposed Arrangements for
Balancing Competing Needs," Congressional Research Service,
updated October 12, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/RS21895.pdf


NEW RELEASES ON NSA, NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Notable new releases under the Freedom of Information Act
include historical items on the National Security Agency and on
nuclear weapons.

"The Origins of the National Security Agency, 1940-1952" was
obtained under the FOIA by TheMemoryHole.org and is available
here:

http://www.thememoryhole.org/nsa/origins_of_nsa.htm

Declassified documents on nuclear weapons policy, including
background on a 1958 nuclear weapons accident near Savannah
River Georgia, are available from The Nuclear Information
Project here:

http://www.nukestrat.com/


DEFINING CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (CRS)

The protection of critical infrastructure is said to be a
central concern of the Bush Administration's homeland security
strategy. But this is an elusive goal in part because the term
lacks a stable definition.

"The meaning of 'critical infrastructure' in the public policy
context has been evolving for decades and is still open to
debate," according to a particularly thoughtful new report from
the Congressional Research Service.

"Since the 1980's, the number of sectors included under that
definition has generally expanded from the most basic public
works to a much broader set of economic, defense, government,
social and institutional facilities."

This is problematic, since "ambiguity about what constitutes a
critical infrastructure could lead to inefficient use of limited
homeland security resources."

So, for example, "private sector representatives state that they
need clear and stable definitions of asset criticality so they
will know exactly what assets to protect, and how well to
protect them. Otherwise, they risk protecting too many
facilities, protecting the wrong facilities, or both."

See "Critical Infrastructure and Key Assets: Definition and
Identification," Congressional Research Service, October 1,
2004:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/RL32631.pdf



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
secrecy_news-request.nul
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

Secrecy News has an RSS feed at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.rss

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691



[ Next Message | Previous Message | This Day's Messages ]
This Month's Index |

UFO UpDates Main Index

UFO UpDates - Toronto - Operated by Errol Bruce-Knapp


Archive programming by Glenn Campbell at Glenn-Campbell.com