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Secrecy News -- 05/20/04

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 20 May 2004 12:28:46 -0400
Fwd Date: Thu, 20 May 2004 15:33:32 -0400
Subject: Secrecy News -- 05/20/04


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2004, Issue No. 46
May 20, 2004


**	CRS ON CHEMICAL PLANT SECURITY
**	MORE CRS PRODUCTS
**	CACI ON ADVANCED C3I
**	OVERSEEING CONTRACTORS IN IRAQ
**	TELLER FELLOWSHIPS IN NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION
**	SECRECY NEWS RECEIVES PLAYBOY FIRST AMENDMENT AWARD


CRS ON CHEMICAL PLANT SECURITY

The term "homeland security" is ill-chosen not only because of
its strange Germanic overtones but because it stresses physical,
geographic security while neglecting challenges to the vital
structures of democratic governance that make America truly
distinctive.

But there are clearly cases where physical security is a
preeminent concern, and one of them is the vulnerability of the
thousands of industrial chemical facilities around the country.
Plausible worst-case scenarios at such facilities place many
thousands of lives at risk.

"Available evidence indicates that many chemical facilities may
lack adequate safeguards" against terrorism or other deliberate
attack, according to a recent assessment by the Congressional
Research Service.

The scope of the problem and the various legislative solutions
that have been proposed are discussed at length in "Chemical
Plant Security" by Linda-Jo Schierow, Congressional Research
Service, updated January 20, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL31530.pdf


MORE CRS PRODUCTS

As a matter of Congressional policy, direct public access to
reports of the Congressional Research Service is prohibited
unless an individual member chooses to make one or more such
reports available online. Few do so.

But this unreasonable secrecy policy can be defeated, at least
in part, with minimal effort.

Some notable CRS reports on national security topics that are
newly available on the FAS web site include the following:

"Terrorist Identification, Screening, and Tracking Under
Homeland Security Presidential Directive 6" by William J.
Krouse, April 21, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32366.pdf

"Illicit Drugs and the Terrorist Threat: Causal Links and
Implications for Domestic Drug Control Policy" by Mark A.R.
Kleiman (former director of the FAS Drug Policy Project and now
proprietor of the weblog www.markarkleiman.com), updated April
20, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32334.pdf

"Greece: Threat of Terrorism and Security at the Olympics" by
Carol Migdalovitz, April 30, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RS21833.pdf

"Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws,
Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives" by John Moteff,
April 16, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32357.pdf

"Detention of American Citizens as Enemy Combatants" by Jennifer
K. Elsea, updated March 15, 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL31724.pdf


CACI ON ADVANCED C3I

Advanced technologies for command, control, communications and
intelligence (C3I) are the important subject of a new report for
the Air Force prepared by CACI Technologies, Inc.

The report, which is jargon-rich and often unintelligible to a
non-specialist reader, is perhaps most notable because of its
authorship. CACI is a large defense and intelligence contractor
that has received unwelcome publicity in connection with the
interrogation services it provided at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.

See "Advanced Command, Control, Communications & Intelligence
(C3I) Systems Analysis and Trade-Offs," March 2004:

http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/caci-c3i.pdf


OVERSEEING CONTRACTORS IN IRAQ

Rather belatedly, Congress is directing the Pentagon to develop
management guidelines for defense contractors in Iraq (such as
CACI) and to provide a report on their activities.

See section 1205 of the House version of the 2005 Defense
Authorization Act (HR 4200) on "guidance and report required on
contractors supporting deployed forces in Iraq":

  http://www.fas.org/sgp/congress/2004/defauth-cont.html

"Brighter lights and stronger controls need to be placed over
these [military contractors]," wrote columnist Nicholas von
Hoffman in the June Harper's Magazine.

"Either we supervise them or eventually they will supervise us."


TELLER FELLOWSHIP IN NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION

The pending defense authorization act for 2005 would establish a
seemingly incongruous fellowship in the name of nuclear weapons
designers Edward Teller and Igor Kurchatov to support scientific
research to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

Teller is often referred to as the "father of the H bomb." He
was a relentless advocate of the development of nuclear weapons
technology for various purposes, peaceful and otherwise. Igor
Kurchatov led the secret program to develop the first Soviet
atomic bomb.

Under the proposed fellowships, selected scientists in the U.S.
and Russia would be funded for up to two years to conduct
research in "nuclear nonproliferation sciences," which is
defined as "scientific knowledge relevant to developing or
advancing the means to prevent or impede the proliferation of
nuclear weaponry."

See the provision in section 1422 of H.R. 4200 here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/congress/2004/defauth-teller.html


SECRECY NEWS RECEIVES PLAYBOY FIRST AMENDMENT AWARD

We are grateful to report that the Playboy Foundation has
awarded Secrecy News one of eight Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment
Awards for 2004.

"Secrecy News... keeps Americans apprised of the inner workings
of government secrecy and promotes reform of its secret
processes," according to a May 19 news release announcing the
awards, which will be presented May 24 in New York. See:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2004/05/pb051904.html

_______________________________________________

Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
secrecy_news-request.nul
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

OR email your request to saftergood.nul

Secrecy News is archived at:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/secrecy/index.html

_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691


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