From: James Smith <zeus001002.nul> Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 16:57:05 -0500 (GMT-05:00) Fwd Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 22:06:14 -0500 Subject: Re: Polar Orbiters? - Smith >From: Eleanor White <eleanor.nul> >To: ufoupdates.nul >Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2004 16:29:20 -0500 >Subject: Polar Orbiters? >Has anyone investigated references to at least one polar >orbiting satellite discovered during the Sputnik era, and >presumed therefore not of Earthly origin? >Eleanor White I have looked at some journal references of these observations as well as a number of UFO-type web sites. At the end of this email I describe the journal reference, but first lets review the sensational UFO website type widely repeated story..... "It was in February 1960 that the first discovery of a mystery satellite first caused a sensation in the U.S. Department of Defense. It was hardly surprising, for the North American Air Defense System's radar tracking facilities had locked on to what appeared to be a satellite weighing at least 15 tons - far in excess of anything capable of being place into orbit in 1960." "It was quickly established that the satellite had not been launched by either the United States or Russia. For a start, it was in the wrong kind of orbit. The mystery object's path took it over the North and South poles..." Or this other.... "In February 1960 a station of the North American Air Defense System picked up a radar echo from an enormous space station orbiting the Earth. This intercept caused panic and alarm throughout America's and the Soviet Union's Defense Departments. It was the wrong kind of orbit for a Soviet launch. The space station was in a polar orbit, whereas the orbits of Soviet satellites were invariably inclined at 65 degrees to the equator, which took the satellites over South America and North Africa. Apart from that, there was no booster on either side of the Atlantic capable of putting such an object into space. American scientists had calculated that the weight of the orbiting station was around 15 tons. For three weeks the Americans kept track of the space station, then it vanished as suddenly as it had appeared." No reference for this report is given on any of the UFO websites. Now for the journal article: In J.P. Bagby's "Natural Earth Satellites" in the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society(Vol. 34. #7, pg289-293, 1981) he states that Grumman Aircraft Engineering detected an unknown retrograde body in August 1960. These records are in Grumman Report No.ADR 07-07-62.4. He lists eight observations from the report which were made by six teams (7 locations). Bagby goes on to calculate the orbital elements for these retrograde objects. Seven such objects, which he attributes to a parent body from a 1880 swarm, have an inclination of around 135 degrees. One other object is at 101 degrees. As of 1981, only one of the seven objects were still visible and the 101 degree one too. Babgy contends that the retrograde group accounted for the 18th and 19th century "Vulcan" sightings. I have not read that paper. Other references: Bagby J.P. "Vulcan" Evidence Re-Examined/Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. Vol. 19. #4. ? USA, VA, Springfield: AAS, 1972. Bagby J.P. Evidence of an Ephemeral Earth Satellite/Nature. Vol. 211. #5045. ? Ldn, 1966. Bagby J.P. Further "Vulcan" Evidence/Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. Vol. 20. #4. ? USA, VA, Springfield: AAS, 1973. Bagby J.P. Natural Earth Satellites/Journal of the British Interplanetary Society. Vol. 34. #7. ? Ldn, 1981. Bagby J.P. Terrestrial Satellites: Some Direct and Indirect Evidence/Icarus. Vol. 10. #1. ? USA, NY, Ithaca, 1969. Baker RML Ephemeral Natural Satellites of the Earth, Science, 128 (3333): 1211-1213 1958 I have found no recent sighting data on these satellites.
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