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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 2004 > Mar > Mar 12

Secrecy News -- 03/11/04

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Thu, 11 Mar 2004 16:31:53 -0500
Fwd Date: Fri, 12 Mar 2004 08:58:26 -0500
Subject: Secrecy News -- 03/11/04


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2004, Issue No. 28
March 11, 2004


**	THE POLYGRAPH VS. NATIONAL SECURITY
**	DOCTRINE FOR JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS
**	IKONOS SATELLITE IMAGE OF MADRID


THE POLYGRAPH VS. NATIONAL SECURITY

As a technology for counterintelligence security screening, the
polygraph has been a spectacular failure. It is hard to recall
the last time that polygraph screening uncovered an actual spy,
and easy to think of spies who had no difficulty escaping its
clutches.

But U.S. government polygraph policy continues to penalize
innocent individuals, and those who presume to challenge that
policy.

Alan P. Zelicoff, a distinguished physician and expert on
biological weapons arms control, was driven to resign his
position as Senior Scientist at Sandia National Laboratories
last year as a consequence of his outspoken criticism of
polygraph testing.

For his diverse technical contributions, Zelicoff had been
awarded Sandia's Meritorious Achievement Award on several
occasions as recently as 2002.

But after publishing an op-ed in the Washington Post last year
criticizing the Lab's polygraph policy, he was suspended and
accused of "insubordination."

Zelicoff was banned from working on a counterterrorism software
tool he had invented to facilitate rapid reporting of disease
outbreaks. When he continued to speak out on the polygraph, he
was suspended a second time. Finally, he quit.

The polygraph won, but the Lab, and the nation that turns to it
for scientific expertise, lost.

"As the only senior [Sandia] scientist who had also practiced
medicine, I knew that continuation of polygraphs was going to be
a disaster for individuals at Sandia and elsewhere in the DOE
complex," Dr. Zelicoff wrote recently. "And indeed it was."

See his account of the episode in "The Polygraph Vs. National
Security," March 11, here:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/zelicoff.pdf

Convicted spy Aldrich Ames offered an impudent but rather
perceptive commentary on the polygraph in this 2000 letter he
wrote to FAS from Allenwood federal penitentiary, where he is
incarcerated:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/polygraph/ames.html

In recent years, CIA polygraph examiners have added a new
question to their standard exam, which is also asked in some
official background investigations: Do you have friends in the
media?


DOCTRINE FOR JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS

"I have done a lot of things since I've been here in three years
with respect to the special operations capabilities of the
country," said Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld in a March 4
interview with Reuters.

"Special operations forces" are small units with specialized
capabilities that operate clandestinely in hostile or
politically sensitive environments in order to achieve military,
diplomatic, or other objectives.

"We've increased their budget, we've increased their numbers,
we've added conventional forces to take over some of their
responsibilities that they might otherwise have been engaged
in," Secretary Rumsfeld said.

"We have changed their authorities so that now the Special
Operations Command is not only a command that is in support of
other commands, but that on occasion will be a command that will
be supported by other commands. We have connected the United
States Marine Corps to the special operators for the first time
in any significant way."

"And we have given encouragement to them."

"The Defense Department has worked closely with the CIA, going
both ways on any number of occasions over any number of years in
any number of situations.... [In other words,] we've taken them
for cooperative arrangements, they've taken some of our people
sometimes. They may be doing something where it requires some
competence that we have distinctively, so we've worked very
cooperatively with them," Secretary Rumsfeld said.

Military doctrine governing interagency (and multinational)
special operations has been newly revised and presented in
"Doctrine for Joint Special Operations," Joint Publication 3-05,
Joint Chiefs of Staff, December 17, 2003:

http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp3-05.pdf


IKONOS SATELLITE IMAGE OF MADRID

The Atocha Railway Station in Madrid, Spain was one of the
targets of a series of terrorist explosions that killed at least
190 people and wounded over a thousand today.

A high-resolution satellite image taken of the site in August
2003 was released today by Space Imaging, Inc., to support news
coverage of the attack. See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/imint/atocha.htm



_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

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Secrecy News is archived at:
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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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