From: Lan Fleming <email@example.com> Date: Thu, 08 Jan 2004 13:49:11 -0600 Fwd Date: Fri, 09 Jan 2004 09:30:53 -0500 Subject: Re: Filer's Files #02 - 2004 - Fleming >From: Ray Stanford <firstname.lastname@example.org> >To: UFO UpDates - Toronto <email@example.com> >Date: Wed, 7 Jan 2004 17:27:52 -0500 >Subject: Re: Filer's Files #02 - 2004 - Stanford >>From: George A. Filer <Majorstar@aol.com> >>To: UFO UpDates - Toronto <firstname.lastname@example.org> >>Date: Wed, 7 Jan 2004 17:08:41 EST >>Subject: Filer's Files #02 -- 2004 >I am concerned about your silly pronouncement in Filer's Files # >02, Wednesday, January 7, 2004, where, in an Editor's Note, you >declare, "...NASA and JPL apparently want Mars to appear >red/orange. If the sky is blue like Earth's you are seeing the >real colors." >Frankly, considering the paranoid delusion abroad in some parts >of Ufology, I don't know if you are implying that the landing on >Mars is fake and that they are deliberately discoloring earth's >sky to deceive us in a fake scene, or whether you are just >deluded in imagining that NASA doesn't (for unimaginable >reasons) want us to know the real color of the sky on Mars. Ray, By no means are doubts about the authenticity of the color of JPL Mars images a conspiracy theory akin to Apollo moon hoax theories. The person who first raised allegations about JPL tampering with image colors was Ron Levin, now a professor of physics at MIT and the son of Gil Levin, the principal investigator for the Viking lander labeled-release experiments. The first color image from one of the landers showed a blue sky, an image that made it to the newspapers. Levin was present at JPL when that first picture came in, and he says that the image color was "adjusted" on orders from one of the project managers to make everything more reddish and that it was done without any scientific basis. In an article at: http://mars.spherix.com/spie2003/SPIE_2003_Color_Paper.htm Levin has posted a paper published in the SPIE proceedings that makes the following objections to the reddish tint that everything (including the yellow cables on the Spirit rover Mac Tonnies wrote about) has in JPL images of the surface of Mars: "The weak link in the imaging process for both missions was the reliance on imaging color charts reflecting Martian ambient light. While the reflectivity of the charts is well known, the spectrum of their illumination on Mars is not. 'Calibrated' images are usually reddish, attributed to atmospheric dust, but hues range widely because of the great uncertainty in the illumination spectrum. Solar black body radiation, the same on Mars as on Earth, is minimally modified by the atmosphere of either planet. For red dust to change the spectrum significantly, reflected light must exceed the transmitted light. Were this the case, shadows would be virtually eliminated. Viking images show prominent shadows. Also, Pathfinder=B9s solar cells, activated by blue light, would have failed under the predominately red spectrum generally attributed to Mars." The motivation that Levin suspects for the alteration has nothing at all to do with NASA preferences for a red sky over blue. It's the color of the rocks, not the sky, that may have been the problem. The image as first presented with the blue sky showed greenish patches on some of the rocks that suggested the possible presence of some form of plant life akin to lichen. The sizes of the greenish patches changed with the season. Increasing the red tint makes these patches less evident. If that were the motivation, then the sky red is only a side effect. Astronomers who imaged Mars with the Hubble space telescope shortly before the Pathfinder landing said the atmospheric conditions were calm enough that there should have been little dust in the atmosphere and they predicted that the sky should appear blue in Pathfinder images taken from the surface. But all images taken by Pathfinder show a red sky in the versions released to the public. Would the geologists at JPL be so hostile to the possibility of life on Mars that they'd do something so unprincipled? In my opinion, they are and they might.
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