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Secrecy News -- 02/13/04

From: Steven Aftergood <saftergood.nul>
Date: Fri, 13 Feb 2004 10:10:18 -0500
Fwd Date: Fri, 13 Feb 2004 10:40:35 -0500
Subject: Secrecy News -- 02/13/04


SECRECY NEWS
from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy
Volume 2004, Issue No. 18
February 13, 2004


**	GEORGE WASHINGTON, DIRECTOR OF MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
**	ABRAHAM LINCOLN ON SOLDIERS AWOL
**	THE IRAQ INTELLIGENCE INVESTIGATIONS
**	US HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM ABROAD
**	US INTELLIGENCE ON SOVIET SPACE PROGRAMS


GEORGE WASHINGTON, DIRECTOR OF MILITARY INTELLIGENCE

"General George Washington, as Commanding General of the
Continental Army... literally became America's first director
of military intelligence," according to a research paper
prepared by a US Marine Corps graduate student. "He directed the
operations that were conducted, and performed his own analysis."

"The Continental Army's effectiveness in intelligence includes
examples of the proper use of espionage, counterintelligence,
communications security, codebreaking, deception, operational
security, surveillance, reconnaissance, reporting and analysis."

Uncritical and naive in presentation ("Sun Tzu said it quite
well"), the author nevertheless provides a convenient
introduction to his chosen subject, and references to more
complete and discriminating accounts.

See "George Washington, America's First Director of Military
Intelligence" by LCDR Michael S. Prather, Marine Corps
University, Quantico, Virginia, 2002:

http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/prather.pdf


ABRAHAM LINCOLN ON SOLDIERS AWOL

President of the United States. Absent without leave. Deserters.

These terms, much in the news lately, may have first appeared
together in close proximity in an 1863 proclamation by President
Abraham Lincoln, who ordered all soldiers who were absent
without leave to promptly return to duty and promised amnesty if
they did.

"All soldiers now absent from their respective regiments without
leave, who shall, on or before the first day of April, report
themselves... may be restored to their respective regiments
without punishment, except the forfeiture of pay and allowances
during their absence; and all who do not return within the time
above specified shall be arrested as deserters, and punished as
the law provides," President Lincoln declared.

See A Proclamation by the President of the United States
Respecting Soldiers absent without leave, March 10, 1863:

http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/dod/awol.pdf


THE IRAQ INTELLIGENCE INVESTIGATIONS

"The independent commission President Bush has appointed to look
at the failure of intelligence in our country will never, ever
be accepted for a number of reasons, not only the breadth and
scope of the investigation but because of the co-chair, Laurence
Silberman."

So said Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) in a pointed critique of the
new White House advisory panel on intelligence on February 11.

Sen. Reid singled out Judge Silberman, the new panel co-chair,
as a particularly objectionable figure, calling him "a long-time
political operative in the far right of the Republican Party."
See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2004_cr/s021104.html

Judge Silberman rejected that characterization in an interview
with the Los Angeles Times, published February 12.

"My whole career is one of independence and integrity," he said.
"I have been confirmed six times by the U.S. Senate without a
negative vote."

President Bush yesterday named the last two members of the nine-
member intelligence advisory panel, Charles M. Vest and Henry S.
Rowen. See:

http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/02/wh021204.html

While the new White House panel is purely advisory and has no
authority to investigate the White House, the Senate
Intelligence Committee yesterday agreed to expand its review to
include an examination of how Administration officials publicly
presented intelligence concerning Iraq, as reported today in the
Los Angeles Times and the Washington Post.


US HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM ABROAD

Over the past fifty years, the U.S. has exported, and failed to
recover, tons of weapons-grade highly enriched enriched uranium
(HEU) to foreign countries as part of the Atoms for Peace
program.

Because HEU is used principally in research and test reactors,
not power reactors, it is often located in low-security civilian
facilities such as universities. This material therefore poses
an extraordinary proliferation hazard, due to the threat of
theft or diversion. A first generation nuclear explosive can be
devised with no more than a few tens of kilograms of HEU.

According to a new report from the Department of Energy
Inspector General, the U.S. has neglected to take all necessary
steps to recover and secure such material.

"As of August 2003, the Department was likely to recover only
about half of the approximately 5,200 kilograms of HEU" that it
set out to recover in a 1996 initiative.

"Moreover, there was no effort to recover an additional 12,300
kilograms of HEU dispersed to foreign countries which was not
included" in the 1996 program.

See "Recovery of Highly Enriched Uranium Provided to Foreign
Countries," DOE Inspector General Audit Report, February 9 (1 MB
PDF file):

http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doe/ig-heu.pdf


US INTELLIGENCE ON SOVIET SPACE PROGRAMS

Life will be discovered on Mars, the CIA predicted.
Unfortunately, it will be communist!

As late as 1989, the CIA estimated that it was "likely" that the
soon-to-collapse Soviet Union would undertake a manned mission
to Mars.

"We believe the Soviets are planning for a manned Mars landing
mission some time after the year 2000," the CIA analysis stated.

See "Soviet Options for a Manned Mars Landing Mission," CIA
Directorate of Intelligence, December 1989, released in
"sanitized" form in 1999, here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/cia/product/sovmars.pdf

Numerous declassified intelligence documents on the Soviet space
program, from the early 1960s to the early 1990s, have been
declassified and disclosed by the CIA. A selection of such
documents (thanks to Jeff Brower and AT) may be found here:

http://www.fas.org/irp/cia/product/index.html#sovsp

Anyone with even a passing interest in the history of Soviet
space will want to get a copy of "The Moon Race End Game: A New
Assessment of Soviet Crewed Lunar Aspirations, Part 1" by Peter
Pesavento and Charles P. Vick, in the current issue of Quest
Magazine (volume 11, no. 1, 2004).

The authors take full advantage of the latest declassified
documents and, by interviews with government officials, go
beyond what is in the declassified record.

The article is not available online, but information about Quest
Magazine may be found here:

http://www.spacebusiness.com/quest/


_______________________________________________
Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the
Federation of American Scientists.

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_______________________
Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web:  www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood.nul
voice: (202) 454-4691




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