From: Nick Balaskas <nikolaos@YorkU.CA> Date: Fri, 21 Jun 2002 12:25:28 -0400 (Eastern Daylight Time) Fwd Date: Sat, 22 Jun 2002 03:15:18 -0400 Subject: A Canadian Mars Lander Hi everyone! Canadian astronaut Marc Garneau (he has flown in space three times) and now President of the Canadian Space Agency spoke at York Univeristy on Tuesday, June 18. He reviewed Canada's past accomplishments and talked about the present and future goals. Although the CSA budget is only $300,000,000 a year and a small fraction of NASA's or the European Space Agency (which Canada is an associate member), it is planning some very ambitious and important space missions, including a lander/rover to look for water and study the soil and atmopshere of Mars. Below is public talk about one of these CSA Mars missions which will be given here at York U. this coming Monday. Other proposed Mars missions include a high resolution radar satellite similar to RADARSAT 2 (which our U.S. neighbours didn't want us to launch or to share the data with anyone since it can see people on the ground even in the dark of night and though thick cloud cover too) and a Martian soil sample return (for those who can't wait, I can share some photos Conway took of a suspected Martian meteroite that we saw at GSC in Ottawa earlier this year). Nick YORK UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY COLLOQUIUM Space Engineering Candidate Brendan M. Quine The Northern Light Team Thoth Technology and University of Toronto Northern Light - A Canadian Mars Lander: A Mission Overview ABSTRACT The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) has identified the exploration of Mars as a key theme in its space-exploration program. We are developing a small Canadian lander and rover system to assist in the international effort to explore Mars and to provide niche science using Canadian technology. Our first launch opportunity will be as part of Artemis, a proposed multi-lander NASA Scout mission, for launch to Mars in 2007. The Artemis mission proposes to explore the Martian surface and atmosphere using three lander probes complemented by orbital measurements. Northern Light is a complete entry, descent and landing system equipped with sophisticated scientific instruments and experiments. This Canadian Mars lander will complement the two proposed American landers, providing extensive new scientific information on the Martian surface, subsurface and atmosphere. Northern Light will be developed by a public-private consortium of organisations led by Thoth Technology. Our lander-science goals will include the search for water, the investigation of the atmosphere and radiative balance, the search for life and preparation for a sample-return mission. In combination with a proposed Canadian orbiting instrument, MARGO (Mars Aerosol and Radiative Gas Observer), we will be able to measure the Martian atmosphere from the surface and from an orbiting platform. The approach will provide local and global coverage capability as well as the opportunity to cross-validate the two measurement sets, mirroring the approach used to observe Earth's atmosphere. In this paper we discuss the Northern Light concept and present an overview of the proposed mission. We describe our system, the instrumentation and the science objectives we hope to achieve. DATE: Monday, June 24, 2002 TIME: 10:15 am LOCATION: Room 317, Petrie Science Building Refreshments will be served at 10:00 am in Room 315, Petrie Science Building.
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