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Location: UFOUpDatesList.Com > 1997 > Oct > Oct 26

Re: ACC: Remarkable Update By Bob Wolf

From: Ted Viens <drtedv@smart1.net>
Date: Sun, 19 Oct 1997 22:28:45 -0700
Fwd Date: Sun, 26 Oct 1997 07:39:50 -0500
Subject: Re: ACC: Remarkable Update By Bob Wolf

> From: Stig_Agermose@online.pol.dk (Stig Agermose)
> To: updates@globalserve.net
> Date: Sat, 18 Oct 1997 12:45:50 +0100
> Subject: ACC: Remarkable Update By Bob Wolf

> Found at:

> http://www.sightings.com/ufo/accandloseufo.htm

> **************************


> =BF
> ACC/Transistor Origin Update
> and Did the Air Force
> LOSE a UFO?!
> by Bob Wolf
> 10-17-97

> (Note: The following key points were edited from
> Bob Wolf's lengthy ACC update by Stig Agermose)

> =BF
> Scientists at S.G. Thompson, RCA Research, Lawrence Livermore, NASA,
> ACSA, Sarnoff Research and the Department of Defense all agree that the
> Transistor was "brand spanking new" in December of 1947, had no
> precedent and appeared to be inadequately and hastily researched, and
> was unconnected to any prior technology.
> =BF
> Also: Nasa Astronaut Edgar Mitchell agrees with the basic idea of the
> technology transfer at that time and later, "from a UFO captured by the
> Defense Department". (See http://www.sightings.com/ufo/mitchell.htm
> and
> http://american-computer.com/mitchell.htm
> - editor's note)
> =BF
> And: if you really knew anything about the Transistor's
> phenomenological physics, you would know that there is NO WAY that
> William Shockley could have stumbled onto it by studying "High Back
> Voltage" Germanium Diodes.
> =BF

---Snippety, hack, hack, cut-cut-cut---

No Foolin'  Some of the original production runs of the actual
Shockley Point Contact Transistors are still being found in old
warehouse diggin's and are being sold by some electronic surplus

Item No.:  G5040  Antique Transistor

   These were among the first transistors made and we are selling
   them as a collector's item.  The case is one of the most common
   metal cases for these early transistors.  This one was made by
   Sprague and has long wire leads.

The Electronic Goldmine
800-445-0697  8 am to 4:30 pm Arizona time.

Some twenty five years ago, I ordered an identical appearing
transistor from an electronic surplus dealer near Peabody, Mass. 
They described it as a point contact transistor.  In all of the
surplus buys of transistors I have made in the past thirty years,
I have never bought one called functional in the old style metal
case.  And I do remember the excitement in the hobby market when
germanium transistors were suplanted by silicon. 

To be sure that these were not early planar transistors, but
actual point contact transistors, one would have to be cut open
and examined under a microscope.  The point contact transistor
would not have any visible surface patterns.

Warning...  Warning...  The following comments are purely 

This is mere speculation on what I think really happened.  Also
some suggestions for different approaches in researching this
contentious issue. Naturally, mindless speculation is most
valuable when it serves as a hook for hanging more historically
accurate information.

Solid state diodes were only available in a couple of flavors. 
Point contact diodes derived from early cat's whiskers and
metal-metal oxide diodes of the selenium or copper variety. 
Dopant effects creating P or N germanium were not yet well
understood or appreciated.  Shockley et al were primarily focused
on the surface charge effects of purified germanium.  One of them
was studying the bulk surface charge properties, another the
effect of over-zapping the whisker to the substrate and probably
Shockley was diddling two whiskers on a common substrate and
noticed the interdependant current effects.  After a few months
of diddling, a sufficiently repeatable combination of substrate
purity and crystal orientation, and whisker metallurgy, placement
and bonding, and device performance where discovered to permit
thinking about prodution.  Production techniques were devised and
a few trusted manufacturers, such as Sprague, began production of
the Shockley transistor.

One small problem.  The Shockley transistor was fragile, limited
in performance, and widely varied in characteristics.  They are
usable but not very satisfying.  Worse than this, there were few
evident paths for the evolution of this solid state technology.

Perhaps a covert activity was on a converging path.  Soon after
the Shockley team begins diddling two whiskers on a germanium
substrate, intelligence officers show up and take one or two of
the team into a secure room and show them the early investigation
of a peculiar device.  Microscopic studies revealed most of the
surface of what is believed to be an electronic control  device
to be too intricate to decipher with a few larger patches of
peculiar alloys often paired together.  Metallurgical analysis
had already determined that one of the alloys was a very pure
silicon with a trace of boron, the other with a trace of arsenic.
 The selected team member was asked to speculate on these
revelations and how they might be incorporated into the teams
work.  "Serendipitously" the member begins researching lightly
doped semiconductors quickly focusing on boron and arsenic. 
Bonded layers and soon planar deposits are forming more rugged
and repeatable transistors.  Within a year, the fabrication lines
are switched from making fully earth devised point contact
transistors to producing back engineered non-earth planar
transistors.  Within another few years, transistors are being
advertised in the Journal of the IRE for commercial production. 

Much of the support for the historical account of the discovery
of the transistor is in the scientific papers highlighting the
milestones in its development.  The fault in this proof are the
missing records of failure along the way.  When researching an
unknown technology, many mistakes and wrong paths will be taken. 
Lab notes should disclose these faults.  I suspect that in the
development of the Shockley point contact transistor there are
many varieties of substrate tried, several alloys of whiskers,
and a range of electronic parameters.  Lab notes probably recount
most of these experiments.  My suspicion is that the body of lab
notes revealing the many false attempts at selecting the best
dopants and the best geometries for the junction transistor
technology will be strangely inadequate. 

In the libraries of the former Soviet Union there exists peered
reports and laboratory documents that prove the transistor was
invented there.  Yet we know that these papers reveal the effort
of back engineered research.  What would it tell us if the
timeline and the paper trail of the introductin of the transistor
in the old Soviet Union closely echoed the earlier historical
development here?

A couple of issues allow me to contemplate a non-earth source for
modern semiconducter technology.  One is the shortage of reported
faulty research paths and broad sample variations.  The other is
the short timeline from crude proof of technology to commercial
availability of an untried revolutionary device.

Bye...  Ted..

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